What is COCCIDIA
Are tiny single celled parasites, that live in the walls of your dogs intestine . They are most often found in puppies but they can also be found in adult dogs. A daily supply of yogurt prevents coccidia from getting a foothold as it keeps a good balance of bacteria in the G. I. tract. If your puppy is put on antibiotics of any sort, feed yogurt to replenish the good bacteria that is killed off by the antibiotic.. Does this make sense? . But something has got to weaken the immune system of an animal for the protozoa to have an opportunity to take hold and start multiplying. That "something " is usually stress of one kind or another. A loose, stinky stool that can even have streaks of bright red bloody mucus in it usually accompanies coccidia. Some Vets will explain coccidia to their clients by saying the animal is loaded with parasites. This is sometimes interpreted by that client that the animal has worms. Coccidia is not exactly a parasite but can be just as hard to get rid of. So long as good bacteria exist in an ample supply in the gut, coccidia can not grow. Coccidia is shed in the stool like a virus. If the animal is not shedding it when a stool sample is taken, the animal can be misdiagnosed as being free of the protozoa. It will in no way affect the antibiotic from completing it's job but may save your animal from secondary infections caused by an imbalance of good bacteria. When coccidia does exist in the G. I. tract of your puppy, it can easily spread up through the system and into the lungs and if unchecked, it can cause pneumonia and eventually death. The first signs of coccidia is usually a lack of eating properly accompanied by a loose stinky stool and sometimes escalating into bouts of hypoglycemia. Coccidia can be transmitted to humans if hands are not washed and contaminated utensils are handled improperly. Coccidia should never be allowed to progress to a point that the puppy's life is threatened. If your puppy shows signs of this disease, immediately seek professional advice and treatment
What is Hypoglycemia
is when your pet's blood sugar drops and becomes too low. ... When glucose levels drop below normal, it results in a loss of energy and decreased ability to function. In severe cases, a pet may lose consciousness or even die. . In small breed puppies from post-weaning to 4 month of age, the most common form of hypoglycemia is called Transient Juvenile Hypoglycemia: “Transient” because the symptoms can be reversed by eating; "Juvenile" because it is seen in young puppies. Veterinarians unfamiliar with toys often mis-diagnose the condition as viral hepatitis or encephalitis. As a toy yorkie breeder or pet owner, it is important to recognize the symptoms of hypoglycemia and know how to treat it. Hypoglycemia is easily treatable in the early stages, but fatal if allowed to progress. Many puppies are lost needlessly to hypoglycemia because of ignorance on the part of their owner or veterinarian.
Many yorkie puppies simply play too hard and stress their system or forget to eat. I have heard of young males experiencing hypoglycemia when a female in heat is around. They become so worked up over the female that they do not eat and their blood sugar drops.
The first sign of hypoglycemia is the yorkshire terrier puppy slowing down and then acting listless. The puppy will then begin to tremble or shiver. This is a reaction caused as the brain is starved for glucose. More signs of an attack are a weakness, confusion, wobbly gait, frothing or drooling from the mouth - sometimes even a seizure and drain of blood from the head. His body will be limp, lifeless, and a check of the gums will show them to be pale, almost a grayish white in color rather than a healthy bright pink.. The body temperature will be subnormal. After a time, the puppy will become comatose and may even appear to be dead. The puppy can go into shock and, if not cared for properly and promptly, may even die.
If Yorkie hypoglycemia is caught in the early stages, rub Nutri-Cal (Caro syrup, or honey will do if you have no Nutri-Cal) on the puppy's gums, under the tongue, and on the roof of the mouth. Get a heating pad or heating blanket and slowly warm the puppy to proper body temperature. If the puppy responds, all is well. Feed a quality, canned food containing, high-carbohydrates and protein right away (you may want to mix it with egg yolk) and then monitor the puppy to be sure that the condition does not recur. Be sure to eliminate the stress that caused the episode if at all possible.
Dealing with STRESS
STRESS IS THE MAIN CAUSE OF ILLNESS AND DEATH TO NEWLY ACQUIRED PUPPIES!!!
There are many sources of stress. Simply moving a puppy to a new home, holding him too much, contending with another pet, or being allowed too much playtime are just a few of the many sources of stress. A new puppy is nervous and excited because they are unfamiliar with their surroundings and their new families which causes a lot of stress. They are like babies who need regular scheduled time for eating, sleeping, drinking, going to potty and playing.
A CRATE or Playpen IS THE MOST IMPORTANT ITEM TO HAVE FOR A NEW PUPPY. It can be a carrier, a cage, a playpen or a small enclosed area in a quiet room of your home. The crate serves two purposes. It will house train your pet and it protects its health and well-being while it grows. The crate provides a secure, comfortable place where it can rest, eat, drink and play at his own pace. The crate should be placed in an area where the temperature stays about the same all the time. Avoid areas that are drafty (cooling vents). Provide a comfortable bed in the crate since puppies sleep approximately 90% of the time until they are older.
They will need food and water available to them at all times whether they are in the crate or out of the crate for their playtime. This allows them to eat, rest and drink, as they need to so they can grow properly. Crating the puppy is not punishment, it is protection! It can in some cases save their life. **(the only time I take up their food and water is at night).
AVOID EXCESSIVE HANDLING.
Too much of this can add stress and over-tire the puppy. A tired puppy will not eat; he only wants to sleep, A puppy can be played with for about 30 minutes at a time at first. Taking him out for his potty break should begin the playtime. This schedule for playing can be increased gradually, week by week, as the puppy grows older and becomes stronger. The rest time should remain the same. He needs at least 2 hours or more at a time in his crate, undisturbed, for rest.
GIVING HIM OR HER THE QUIET TIME FOR REST IS A MUST!
The stress of moving a puppy can sometimes bring on illness. If you notice any sign of illness before or after the post examination by a vet, contact us immediately. Missing a meal can be a life threatening thing with a young, small puppy. It can lead to Hypoglycemia.
Here is a little advice that can go a long way…..
Please remember Stress is the #1 cause of HYPOGLYCEMIA
I can NOT “STRESS” this enough!! Keep your puppy in a clam, warm, loving surrounding and make sure they eat & drink.
Thank you for choosing a puppy from Sherman Yorkies.
Do not take your puppy in to those stores that allow pets – PetsMart, Petco, TSC, etc… There are many dogs that come in and out of these stores, you don’t know where they have been or what they have been exposed too, and they may be sick or have been sick. These stores DO NOT clean up after every dog that passes through their doors.
DO NOT allow people (Strangers) to handle or touch your puppy (who knows what sick puppy they’ve touched before they touch yours).
DO NOT take your puppy to the park where other dogs have been, or at least until ALL SHOTS have been given, and your Veterinarian gives you the Okay.
While traveling with your Puppy/Dog and your needing to stop for them to relieve themselves, go to a Country Church parking lot or exit of the main road and stop at an old Farm Gate. But Please DO NOT Stop at Road Side Parks or Rest Areas, Dogs from All Over uses these Rest-Areas/Parks and your PUPPY/Dog can pick up many different illnesses there. So please beware of those populated places and ALWAYS have them on a leash.
If you or your family members have small children, please watch them VERY closely around the puppy, one strong hug can crush the puppy, dropping the puppy can result in head injury, broken bones, and/or death. Very small children can fall on/or trip over the puppy causing injury to themselves and/or the puppy.
Please help keep your puppy healthy and safe by scheduling a once a year Vet Check, Vaccinations, Heart Worm preventative, Teeth Cleaning, etc…
Find a Vet that you can get to know...
I DO NOT RECOMMEND using ANY of the BANDFIELD VET SERVICES in the Petco or Petsmarts..... most of these are Student Vets and you NEVER see the same vet twice, You and your puppy need to develop a GOOD one on one relationship with the Vet and the their Staff...Our guarantee WILL NOT cover any diagnosis from BANDFIELD VET SERVICES.
BE SURE TO Always have a TOWEL (some puppies will get Car Sick).
Keep your puppy in a harness & leash at all time while out-doors and keep him or her in a crate while traveling.
Never open your car door until you have your puppy/dog contain or on a leash, many have bolted from open doors and/or windows, and resulting in the lost of their pet.
Feed a good quality dog food and plenty of fresh water, try to avoid giving them People Food – Table Scraps.
NEVER GIVE YOUR PUPPY THOSE CHEAP RAW-HIDE Chews
Nyla-Bones, Pig-Ears, Cow Hooves are the Best Chew toys...
I recommend a HARNESS over COLLARS, puppies have been known to get their collars caught and choke to-death, also if they pull on it, it can crush their larnx (throat).
NEVER LEAVE A COLLAR ON YOUR PUPPY WHILE IT IS IN THE CRATE
NEVER PUT PERFUME or LOUD SMELLING SHAMPOOS on your puppy, it messes up their Smelling and they WILL NOT EAT
If you should have any questions throughout your dog’s life, I’m only a phone call or email away.